Zrewitalizowany Stary Rynek w Częstochowie

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Stone well

Wells were a common element of cities. They were built right after a city was established. Public wells were located in places of importance to the urban community, especially in market squares and along important thoroughfares, in places where large numbers of people and animals lived.

An outline of a stone well was discovered at around 60–80 cm from the current ground level. The well had a diameter of approx. 160 cm, with a wall thickness of 45 to 60 cm. It was made of broken limestone. Flat stone blocks were arranged without the use of an adhesive to connect them. They created a strong and stable structure. A roughly circular well trench was drawn around the outer edges of the wells.